In this IMES Series Report the sort of activism employed in networks like Sharia4Belgium and Sharia4Holland is analysed. The authors address how the activism of such networks interact with practices of the government and media during the period 2009-2013.
This type of activism is not only about activities that are directly aimed at protesting against the state and its regulation of Muslims, but also about activities that engender an alternative regulation and self-regulation.
The following themes and questions are analysed:
The authors argue that the actions of the da'wa networks in the public space and the reaction of the government to those actions, rendered visible the tensions that already existed in these societies such as: distrust of the government, Islamophobia, the position of the established Muslim organizations, the position of religion and militant-political forms of religion in the public domain, the idea that freedom of speech for Muslims is limited and international military interventions.
'Eilanden in een zee van ongeloof', IMES Series Report, December 2014. Authors: Martijn de Koning, Carmen Becker, Ineke Roex and Pim Aarns, in a cooperation between the Radboud University Nijmegen and the University of Amsterdam.